Civil law

You have received a formal notice?

You wish to recover your receivables?

Drolet Pigeon Avocats Inc. can take care of you.

civil lawsNo matter what situation is your concern, you must act rapidly. Outside of the prescription, acting rapidly will prevent many costs and inconveniences. When you know your rights, decisions that could impact you and your family are much less stressful. A single consultation could shed light on this matter.

In addition to acting as legal counsel, we can help you in the following areas of civil law:

Nos services

Formal notice
A formal notice is the foundation of all legal actions in civil law. This notice is used to denounce to the opposing party that you intend to prosecute them if they do not act accordingly and for which reasons.
Latent defect
A latent defect is a grave imperfection on a good, movable or immovable, that is not apparent and which renders this good unfit for use by the owner or which, if the owner had been aware of the defect, would have made him question his decision to purchase the good at that price. The defect must not be perceivable by a prudent and diligent buyer.
A claim is the right that a person, the creditor, has to collect what another person, the debtor, owes him. Often, the claim is a sum of money that hasn’t been paid but it may also be the performance of a service that has not been rendered in virtue of a contract.
Neighbourhood disturbance
All real and serious troubles, of whatever nature, whether it be noise, odour, smoke, plantations, trees, fences, encroachment, harassment, servitude, caused by a neighbor is a form of a nuisance if it exceeds normal neighborly inconveniences and if they are repetitive and continuous. A neighbor may ask the tribunal to put a stop to this nuisance and may ask for compensation in the form of damages.
Contractual law
Contractual law encompasses everything that relates to contracts, a meeting of the minds between at least two persons which creates obligations, including: the drafting of contracts, the obligations of contracting parties, the consequences for the breach of these obligations, the interpretation of contractual clauses, contractual litigation, contractual responsibility, etc.
There are many legal obligations. Certain obligations are contractual and others are extra-contractual. A legal obligation is a right that one person has to require someone else to do or not do something. These obligations produce legal effects and may lead to sanctions if they are not respected.
Régie du logement
The “Régie du logement” is a tribunal which hears all cases related to housing leases to ensure that lessors and lessees respect their lease obligations. However, the Régie does not have jurisdiction over commercial leases.
Unjust enrichment
Unjust enrichment is a legal recourse which allows someone to claim money from someone who has enriched themselves at their expense. This recourse finds application when six conditions are met: an enrichment.
Civil liability
Civil responsibility is the obligation not to cause harm to others. This responsibility may be contractual or extra-contractual in nature. When someone fails to meet this obligation, they are liable to repair the prejudice they have caused.
Immovable property law
Immovable property law encompasses everything that is related to immovable property. It could be related to the sale or purchase of an immovable, a commercial lease, a hypothec (also called a mortgage), a latent defect, a brokerage contracts, etc.
Construction law
Construction law is a subdivision of immovable property law that governs the rights of constructors whether it be related to construction hypothecs or to the recovery of a claim.
Sales contract
The sales contract is the contract by which the seller transfers the property of a good to the buyer for a sum of money. There are many sales contract modalities, for example, instalment sales or sales with a right of redemption. In all cases, sellers and buyers must respect the various obligations that arise from the contract. Furthermore, the buyer benefits from certain warranties that are tied to these contracts.
Succession law
A succession includes all the property and debt of a deceased person. However, there may sometimes be a conflict between the liquidators of the succession and the heirs. In these cases, succession law mediation is a highly valued conflict resolution method and it also helps preserve family relationships.
Civil mediation
Civil mediation is an amicable way of resolving a legal dispute and thereby avoiding the court process. Mediation is particularly appreciated in civil law because it often permits the parties to sustain a relationship (business, neighbors or coworkers) after the conflict. With the help of a neutral and impartial mediator, you will find a solution rapidly and a lower cost.
Small claims (writing, assistance and mediation)
The small claims division hears claims that do not exceed 15 000$, with certain exceptions. Generally, the parties must represent themselves. However, the parties may consult a lawyer for help with drafting or with the preparation of the trial. Additionally, it is possible to refer the issue to mediation to resolve the conflict in an amicable way.